Experimental Data on Crowd Behaviors



Pedestrian Dynamics

  1. First Steps Towards a Social Comparison Model of Crowds. Natalie Fridman, Gal A. Kaminka and Meytal Traub. (2009), In International Conference on Cognitive Modeling (ICCM-09)

  1. Controlled experiments to derive walking behavior. Daamen W. and Hoogendoorn S. (2003), European Journal of Transport and Infrastructure Research 3 (1), pp.39-59.

  1. Experimental research of pedestrian walking behavior. Daamen W. and Hoogendoorn S, (2003), Transportation Research Record, 1828: p. 20-30.

  1. Pedestrian Behavior at Bottlenecks. Hoogendoorm S.P and Daamen W., (2005), Transportation Science, 39 2:0147–0159.

  1. Notes on the behavior of pedestrians. Wolff Michael, (1973), Peoples In Places: The Sociology Of The Familiar, pp 35 New York, Praeger

  1. The Statistics of Crowd Fluids. Henderson L. F,(1971), Nature

  1. Sexual differences in human crowd motion. Henderson L. F, (1972), Nature 240, 353–355.

  1. The fundamental diagram of pedestrian movement revisited. Seyfried A. et al. (2005)

  1. Pedestrian Planning and Design. Fruin J. (1971). New York: Metropolitan Association of Urban Designers and Environmental Planners.

  1. Experiment and simulation of pedestrian counter flow. Isobe M. , Adachi T. and Nagatani T. (2004). Physica A: Statistical and Theoretical Physics, In Press, Corrected Proof

  1. Models for Crowd Movement and Egress Simulation. Klupfel H, et. All. (2003). Traffic and Granular Flow, Delft


  1. Pedestrian Speeds on Stairs - An Initial Step for a Simulation Model . Fujiyama T. and Tyler N. (2004), Proceedings of 36th Universities’ Transport Studies Group Conference, Life Science Centre, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK, January.

  1. Study of Movement on Stairs During Evacuation Using Video Analysing Techniques. Frantzich H. (1996), Technical report, Department of Fire Safety Engineering, Lund Institute of Technology, Lund University.

  1. Comparison of an Evacuation Exercise in a Primary School to Simulation Results. Klupfel H., (2001), Traffic and Granular flow.

  1. Effects of Motivation and Cabin Configuration on Emergency Aircraft Evacuation Behavior and Rates of Egress. Muir H., et. All, (1996), International Journal of Aviation Psychology 6(1), 57-77

  1. Complex evacuation; effects of motivation level and slope of stairs on emergency egress time in a sports stadium. Graat E. et. All, (1999), Safety Science, 31:127–141.


  1. Comparing Human and Synthetic Group Behaviors: A Model Based on Social Psychology. Natalie Fridman and Gal A. Kaminka (2009), In International Conference on Cognitive Modeling (ICCM-09).

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Last modified: 18/03/2007