Gal A. Kaminka's Publications

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The impact of cultural differences on crowd dynamics in pedestrian and evacuation domains

Natalie Fridman, Avishy Zilka, and Gal A. Kaminka. The impact of cultural differences on crowd dynamics in pedestrian and evacuation domains. Technical Report MAVERICK 2011/01, Bar Ilan University, Computer Science Department, MAVERICK Group, available at http://www.cs.biu.ac.il/$^\sim$galk/Publications/, 2011.

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Abstract

Accurate models of crowd dynamics are an important challenge in multi-agent systems and agent-based social simulation.Crowd models are able to predict the resulting macro level behavior from micro level interactions. However, manyexisting crowd models do not yet account for cultural factors in crowd behavior, and even more so, for crowds composed ofmembers of different cultures. In this paper we examine the impact of cultural differences on the crowd dynamics inpedestrian and evacuation domains. In the pedestrian domain we relate to recorded pedestrian data in five differentcountries: Iraq, Israel, England, Canada and France and characterize these cultures based on cultural attributes at theindividual level: personal spaces, speed, avoidance side and group formations. We use an agent-based simulation to investigate the impact on the resulting macro level behavior, such aspedestrian flow, number of collisions, etc. We also examine the impact of mixed-culture pedestrians on the resultingmacro-level behavior. We quantitatively validate the simulation against data from movies of human crowds,in different countries. In the evacuation domain, we use an established simulation system to investigate cultural differencesreported in the literature, and additionally explore the resulting macro level behavior.

Additional Information

BibTeX

@techreport{culture11tech,
 author = {Natalie Fridman and Avishy Zilka and Gal A. Kaminka},
 title = {The impact of cultural differences on crowd dynamics in pedestrian and evacuation domains},
 year = {2011},
 number = {MAVERICK 2011/01},
 institution = {Bar Ilan University, Computer Science Department, {MAVERICK} Group, available at http://www.cs.biu.ac.il/$^\sim$galk/Publications/},
  wwwnote = {}, 
  abstract = { Accurate models of crowd dynamics are an important challenge in multi-agent systems and agent-based social simulation.
Crowd models are able to predict the resulting macro level behavior from micro level interactions. However,  many
existing crowd models do not yet account for cultural factors in crowd behavior, and even more so, for crowds composed of
members of different cultures.  In this paper we examine the impact of cultural differences on the crowd dynamics in
pedestrian and evacuation domains. In the pedestrian domain we relate to recorded pedestrian data in five different
countries: Iraq, Israel, England, Canada and France and characterize these cultures based on cultural attributes at the
individual level: personal spaces, speed, avoidance side and group formations. We  use an agent-based simulation to investigate the impact on the resulting macro level behavior, such as
pedestrian flow, number of collisions, etc. We also examine the impact of mixed-culture pedestrians on the resulting
macro-level behavior. We quantitatively validate the simulation against data from movies of human crowds,
in different countries. In the evacuation domain, we use an established simulation system to investigate cultural differences
reported in the literature, and additionally explore the resulting macro level behavior.  },
}

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